Wolf, the largest specimen in the dog family, is more than what you see on the TV as the Werewolf or the Sire of Mowgli in the Jungle Book.
WolfWorlds suggests there are 7 kinds of wolf in the wild. Gray wolf is the most common and found mainly in North American and Europe. Artic, Red, Indian, Himalayan, Ethiopian and Eastern wolf constitute other 7 kinds.
A distant cousin to your canine, wolf rests in the top of the food chain. Its only known predator are the humans.
- Every wolf pack consists of an Alpha male and Beta female. Usually this male and female are the only animals of the pack to breed. Breeding mostly takes place during winter.
- A lone wolf howls to attract the attention of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from one pack to another. Some howls are confrontational.
- Wolves are territorial animals. A Gray wolf claims territory on average 35 km2 (14 sq mi), in which they spend 50% of their time. Access to food and surrounding territories are some of the factors determining the size of the territory.
- The average pack consists of a family of 5–11 wolves; 1–2 adults, 3–6 juveniles and 1–3 yearlings
- An adult wolf can eat 9 kg of meat in a single sitting. Hierarchy is strictly followed while dining; the alpha male eats first.
- Wolves develop close relationships and strong social bonds. They often demonstrate deep affection for their family and may even sacrifice themselves to protect the near ones.
- Himalayan wolves found in the northern region of Nepal are claimed to be an entirely new species of wolf. Most experts suggest, it is the subspecies of the gray wolf
- Dire wolf (Canis dirus) is an extinct wolf species , roughly the size of the extant gray wolf, but with a heavier build. It evolved in North America and was the most derived species of Canis from that continent.
- Wolves are generally monogamous.
- A wolf can hunt alone unless the prey is larger and strong. In such cases, a wolf pack will plan accordingly and attack the prey. They mostly prey on bison, deer, fox, rabbit and other smaller and household animals depending on the availability of meal.