8 Breathtaking National Parks & Conservation Area to visit this Spring

Wildlife diversity is an notable feature in Nepal, with 10 National parks, 3 Wildlife reserves, one hunting reserve and 6 conservation areas and 11 buffer zone which cover 22.23 % “34,186.62 square km” area of the country. Wildlife tourism is one of the main tourism resources in Nepal.

Thanks to the variation in climate from tropical to glacial and Effective Park and reserve system, Nepal has managed to preserve and been home for more endangered species of flora and fauna in comparison with other Asian Country.  Among the many national park Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park are listed in the UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site.

Chitwan National Park

chitwan national park

Bishazari Tal in Chitwan National Park

Activities: Jungle safari on elephant back, jungle walk, canoe ride, jeep drive, experience Tharu culture.
Accommodation: Resort and lodges
Access: Park headquarters at Kasara is a 21-km drive from Bharatpur which is 20 minutes by air or 146 km by road from Kathmandu. [Chitwan National Park]
Wildlife: 56 species of mammals that include one-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, rhesus monkey, langur, deer, leopard, gaur, wild boar, wild dog and wild cat; 49 species of amphibians and reptiles that include the endangered long snouted gharial, marsh mugger crocodile and python.
Birds539 species of birds that include summer migrant birds like paradise flycatcher, Indian pitta and parakeets. While winter birds include waterfowl, Brahminy ducks, pintails, bar-headed geese, cormorants and migratory birds from Siberia.
Vegetation: Deciduous forest with 600 plant species.
Best Season: October-March (average temperature 25 degrees Celsius); April- June (hot, up to 43 degrees Celsius), July-September (rainy).

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
100 per day per entry 750 per person per day 1500 per person per day Below 10 yrs free
  • Gharial Crocodile breeding center – Included in the park entrance fee.
  • Elephant breeding center – Included in the park entrance fee.

Sagarmatha National Park

Snow Leopard sagarmatha national park

Snow Leopard

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering, experience Sherpa culture
AccommodationResort hotels, lodges, tea houses, camping
Access: Fly to Lukla by air from Kathmandu and then trek onward [Everest Region Trek]
Wildlife: Himalayan tahr, ghoral, musk deer, pika (mouse hare), weasel, jackal, black bear, wolf, lynx and snow leopard
Birds: 193 species of birds including impeyan pheasant (Danphe), blood pheasant, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon, Himalayan griffon and lammergeier
Vegetation: Pine and hemlock forests at lower altitudes, while above 3,500 m  silver fir, birch, rhododendron and juniper trees forest
Best Season: October-November and March-May; December-February (snow, daytime temperature 5 degrees Celsius) June-September (rainy)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 1500 per person per entry 3000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free
  • At Monjo there is the Sagarmatha National Park entrance station where you will have to show your passport and pay a National Park fee.

Bardia National Park

bardiya-national-park

Bardia National Park

Activities: Jungle safari on elephant back, jungle walk, boat ride, jeep drive
Accommodation: Jungle lodges
Access: 3 hours drive (95 km) from Nepalgunj, which is 1 hour by air or 516 km by road from Kathmandu [ Bardia Safari Adventure]
Wildlife: 53 mammals that include the Royal Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, elephant, swamp deer, blackbuck; reptiles include gharial crocodile, marsh mugger crocodile; fresh-water Gangetic dolphin is mostly seen in the Karnali River
Birds: 400 species of birds include Bengal florican, lesser florican, silver-eared mesia and sarus crane
Vegetation: Sal, savannah forests and grasslands
Best Season: October-March, April-June (hot, up to 42 degrees Celsius), July-September (rainy)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
50 per day per entry 500 per person per day 1000 per person per day Below 10yrs free
  • The park HQ. is at Tharkurdwara and a sub-headquarter at the eastern entrance to the park at East Chisapani. Visitors entering the park must stop and pay an entrance fee
  • Be sure to keep your permit as it might be checked later by park guards.

Langtang National Park

langtang-national-park

Starry night in Langtang National Park

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering, experience of Tamang culture
Accommodation: Lodges, camping
Access: From Dhunche, which is 117 km by road from Kathmandu [Langtang Region Trek]
Wildlife:Wild dog, red panda, pika, muntjac, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan tahr, ghoral, serow, rhesus monkey, langur monkey, snow leopard
Birds: 373 species of birds including tragopan and impeyan pheasant
Vegetation: Subtropical forests of alpine shrubs and grasslands below 1,000 m
Best Season: October-November and March-May (cold at higher elevation); June-September (monsoon), December-February (snow)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 1500 per person per entry 3000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free
  • The park Headquarters is at Dhunche, and a check post at Ghora Tabela. All visitors must stop at either place to pay an Entrance Fee, and are required to show your passport.
  • Be sure to keep your Entry Permit as it might be checked later by the park guards.

Makalu Barun National Park

makalu barun national park

Barun Valley

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Camping
Access: 40 minute flight to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and then a six-day walk [Makalu Base Camp Trek]
Wildlife: Endangered red panda and snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard, ghoral, Himalayan tahr, wild boar, barking deer, Himalayan marmot, weasel, langur monkey and serow; Arun River has 84 varieties of fish including salmon
Birds: 400 species of birds including wren babbler, olive ground warbler
Vegetation: Subtropical forests to subalpine and alpine vegetation
Best Season: October-November and March-April; April-May (hot at lower elevations), June-September (monsoon)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 1500 per person per entry 3000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free

Annapurna Conservation Area

Annapurna Conservation Area

Marsyangdi river valley near Pisang

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Resort hotels, lodges, camping
Access: From Pokhara [Annapurna Region Trek]
Wildlife: 102 mammals including blue sheep and endangered snow leopard; 39 species of reptiles and 22 species of amphibians
Birds: 474 species of birds including multi-colored impeyan pheasant, kokla and blood pheasant
Vegetation: Various species of orchids and rhododendrons
Best Season: March-May; September-November

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 200 per person per entry 2000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area

Kanchenjunga conservation area

Kanchenjunga Base Camp

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Tea houses, camping
Access: Fly to Taplejung via Biratnagar from Kathmandu [Kanchenjunga Extreme Trek]
Wildlife: Endangered snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, red panda, blue sheep, rhesus monkey
Birds: 252 species of different birds including impeyan pheasant, red-billed blue magpie, ashy drongo
Vegetation: Indigenous gymnosperms,  Nepal’s endemic flowering plants, varieties of rhododendron and orchids
Best Season: March-May; September-November

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 200 per person per entry 2000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free
  • To get a permit to this conservation area you need to be part of an organized trekking group.

Manaslu Conservation Area

manaslu conservation area

Ethnic Tamang village inside Manaslu Conservation Area

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Camping, lodges
Access: bus to Dhading which is 87 km from Kathmandu or to Besisahar 106 km from Pokhara and then trek [Manaslu Circuit Trek]
Wildlife: 33 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer and Himalayan Tahr; three species of reptiles Birds: 110 species of birds
Vegetation: 1,500-2,000 species of flowering plants
Best Season: March-May; September-November

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 200 per person per entry 2000 per person per entry Below 10yrs free

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