8 Breathtaking National Parks & Conservation Area to visit this Spring

Wildlife diversity is an notable feature in Nepal, with 10 National parks, 3 Wildlife reserves, one hunting reserve and 6 conservation areas and 11 buffer zone which cover 22.23 % “34,186.62 square km” area of the country. Wildlife tourism is one of the main tourism resources in Nepal.

Thanks to the variation in climate from tropical to glacial and Effective Park and reserve system, Nepal has managed to preserve and been home for more endangered species of flora and fauna in comparison with other Asian Country.  Among the many national park Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park are listed in the UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site.

Chitwan National Park

chitwan national park

Bishazari Tal in Chitwan National Park

Activities: Jungle safari on elephant back, jungle walk, canoe ride, jeep drive, experience Tharu culture.
Accommodation: Resort and lodges
Access: Park headquarters at Kasara is a 21-km drive from Bharatpur which is 20 minutes by air or 146 km by road from Kathmandu. [Chitwan National Park]
Wildlife: 56 species of mammals that include one-horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal tiger, rhesus monkey, langur, deer, leopard, gaur, wild boar, wild dog and wild cat; 49 species of amphibians and reptiles that include the endangered long snouted gharial, marsh mugger crocodile and python.
Birds539 species of birds that include summer migrant birds like paradise flycatcher, Indian pitta and parakeets. While winter birds include waterfowl, Brahminy ducks, pintails, bar-headed geese, cormorants and migratory birds from Siberia.
Vegetation: Deciduous forest with 600 plant species.
Best Season: October-March (average temperature 25 degrees Celsius); April- June (hot, up to 43 degrees Celsius), July-September (rainy).

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
100 per day per entry 750 per person per day 1500 per person per day Below 10 yrs free
  • Gharial Crocodile breeding center – Included in the park entrance fee.
  • Elephant breeding center – Included in the park entrance fee.

Sagarmatha National Park

Snow Leopard sagarmatha national park

Snow Leopard

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering, experience Sherpa culture
AccommodationResort hotels, lodges, tea houses, camping
Access: Fly to Lukla by air from Kathmandu and then trek onward [Everest Region Trek]
Wildlife: Himalayan tahr, ghoral, musk deer, pika (mouse hare), weasel, jackal, black bear, wolf, lynx and snow leopard
Birds: 193 species of birds including impeyan pheasant (Danphe), blood pheasant, red-billed chough, yellow-billed chough, snow cock, snow pigeon, Himalayan griffon and lammergeier
Vegetation: Pine and hemlock forests at lower altitudes, while above 3,500 m  silver fir, birch, rhododendron and juniper trees forest
Best Season: October-November and March-May; December-February (snow, daytime temperature 5 degrees Celsius) June-September (rainy)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 1500 per person per entry 3000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free
  • At Monjo there is the Sagarmatha National Park entrance station where you will have to show your passport and pay a National Park fee.

Bardia National Park


Bardia National Park

Activities: Jungle safari on elephant back, jungle walk, boat ride, jeep drive
Accommodation: Jungle lodges
Access: 3 hours drive (95 km) from Nepalgunj, which is 1 hour by air or 516 km by road from Kathmandu [ Bardia Safari Adventure]
Wildlife: 53 mammals that include the Royal Bengal tiger, one-horned rhinoceros, elephant, swamp deer, blackbuck; reptiles include gharial crocodile, marsh mugger crocodile; fresh-water Gangetic dolphin is mostly seen in the Karnali River
Birds: 400 species of birds include Bengal florican, lesser florican, silver-eared mesia and sarus crane
Vegetation: Sal, savannah forests and grasslands
Best Season: October-March, April-June (hot, up to 42 degrees Celsius), July-September (rainy)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
50 per day per entry 500 per person per day 1000 per person per day Below 10yrs free
  • The park HQ. is at Tharkurdwara and a sub-headquarter at the eastern entrance to the park at East Chisapani. Visitors entering the park must stop and pay an entrance fee
  • Be sure to keep your permit as it might be checked later by park guards.

Langtang National Park


Starry night in Langtang National Park

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering, experience of Tamang culture
Accommodation: Lodges, camping
Access: From Dhunche, which is 117 km by road from Kathmandu [Langtang Region Trek]
Wildlife:Wild dog, red panda, pika, muntjac, musk deer, Himalayan black bear, Himalayan tahr, ghoral, serow, rhesus monkey, langur monkey, snow leopard
Birds: 373 species of birds including tragopan and impeyan pheasant
Vegetation: Subtropical forests of alpine shrubs and grasslands below 1,000 m
Best Season: October-November and March-May (cold at higher elevation); June-September (monsoon), December-February (snow)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 1500 per person per entry 3000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free
  • The park Headquarters is at Dhunche, and a check post at Ghora Tabela. All visitors must stop at either place to pay an Entrance Fee, and are required to show your passport.
  • Be sure to keep your Entry Permit as it might be checked later by the park guards.

Makalu Barun National Park

makalu barun national park

Barun Valley

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Camping
Access: 40 minute flight to Tumlingtar from Kathmandu and then a six-day walk [Makalu Base Camp Trek]
Wildlife: Endangered red panda and snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, clouded leopard, ghoral, Himalayan tahr, wild boar, barking deer, Himalayan marmot, weasel, langur monkey and serow; Arun River has 84 varieties of fish including salmon
Birds: 400 species of birds including wren babbler, olive ground warbler
Vegetation: Subtropical forests to subalpine and alpine vegetation
Best Season: October-November and March-April; April-May (hot at lower elevations), June-September (monsoon)

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 1500 per person per entry 3000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free

Annapurna Conservation Area

Annapurna Conservation Area

Marsyangdi river valley near Pisang

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Resort hotels, lodges, camping
Access: From Pokhara [Annapurna Region Trek]
Wildlife: 102 mammals including blue sheep and endangered snow leopard; 39 species of reptiles and 22 species of amphibians
Birds: 474 species of birds including multi-colored impeyan pheasant, kokla and blood pheasant
Vegetation: Various species of orchids and rhododendrons
Best Season: March-May; September-November

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 200 per person per entry 2000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free

Kanchenjunga Conservation Area

Kanchenjunga conservation area

Kanchenjunga Base Camp

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Tea houses, camping
Access: Fly to Taplejung via Biratnagar from Kathmandu [Kanchenjunga Extreme Trek]
Wildlife: Endangered snow leopard, Himalayan black bear, musk deer, red panda, blue sheep, rhesus monkey
Birds: 252 species of different birds including impeyan pheasant, red-billed blue magpie, ashy drongo
Vegetation: Indigenous gymnosperms,  Nepal’s endemic flowering plants, varieties of rhododendron and orchids
Best Season: March-May; September-November

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 200 per person per entry 2000 per person per entry Below 10 yrs free
  • To get a permit to this conservation area you need to be part of an organized trekking group.

Manaslu Conservation Area

manaslu conservation area

Ethnic Tamang village inside Manaslu Conservation Area

Activities: Trekking, Mountaineering
Accommodation: Camping, lodges
Access: bus to Dhading which is 87 km from Kathmandu or to Besisahar 106 km from Pokhara and then trek [Manaslu Circuit Trek]
Wildlife: 33 species of mammals including snow leopard, musk deer and Himalayan Tahr; three species of reptiles Birds: 110 species of birds
Vegetation: 1,500-2,000 species of flowering plants
Best Season: March-May; September-November

Nepali SAARC Foreigners Child discount
Free 200 per person per entry 2000 per person per entry Below 10yrs free

Free Travel Advice From Our Outdoor Expert


Insight on Wolf (Canis)

Wolf, the largest specimen in the dog family, is more than what you see on the TV as the Werewolf or the Sire of Mowgli in the Jungle Book.

Wolf Biological Branch

Wolf Biological Branch

WolfWorlds suggests there are 7 kinds of wolf in the wild. Gray wolf is the most common and found mainly in North American and Europe. Artic, Red, Indian, Himalayan, Ethiopian and Eastern wolf constitute other 7 kinds.

A distant cousin to your canine, wolf rests in the top of the food chain. Its only known predator are the humans.


  1. Every wolf pack consists of an Alpha male and Beta female. Usually this male and female are the only animals of the pack to breed. Breeding mostly takes place during winter.
  2. A lone wolf howls to attract the attention of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from one pack to another. Some howls are confrontational.
  3. Wolves are territorial animals. A Gray wolf claims territory on average 35 km2 (14 sq mi), in which they spend 50% of their time. Access to food and surrounding territories are some of the factors determining the size of the territory.
  4. The average pack consists of a family of 5–11 wolves; 1–2 adults, 3–6 juveniles and 1–3 yearlings
  5. An adult wolf can eat 9 kg of meat in a single sitting. Hierarchy is strictly followed while dining; the alpha male eats first.
  6. Wolves develop close relationships and strong social bonds. They often demonstrate deep affection for their family and may even sacrifice themselves to protect the near ones.
  7. Himalayan wolves found in the northern region of Nepal are claimed to be an entirely new species of wolf. Most experts suggest, it is the subspecies of the gray wolf
  8. Dire wolf (Canis dirus) is an extinct wolf species , roughly the size of the extant gray wolf, but with a heavier build. It evolved in North America and was the most derived species of Canis from that continent.
  9. Wolves are generally monogamous.
  10. A wolf can hunt alone unless the prey is larger and strong. In such cases, a wolf pack will plan accordingly and attack the prey. They mostly prey on bison, deer, fox, rabbit and other smaller and household animals depending on the availability of meal.


Wildlife Crime : Rhino Poaching

In more than 50 years of conservation, we have never seen wildlife crime on such a large scale. Wildlife crime is now the most urgent threat to three of the world’s best-loved species—elephants, rhinos and tigers.

With worldwide population of 500,000 in the early 20th centuries Rhinos were once abundant throughout Africa and Asia. Extensive poaching of this species have pushed the remaining rhinos near to extinction.

Illegal wildlife trafficking has become one of the world’s top criminal activities ranked alongside drugs, weapons and human trafficking.


WWF Anti-poaching campaign

The rhino poaching has reached a crisis point and if the killing continues at this rate, we could see rhino deaths overtaking births very soon. Rhino poaching is surging across the entire African continent, and is a constant threat to the smaller rhino populations in Asia.

Today, very few rhinos survive outside protected areas. And all five species are threatened, primarily by poaching.

Learn why the Rhinos are being poached ? What are the other threats for rhinos beside poaching? What number of rhinos are still on the wild? [Play Slides]

No Poaching in Nepal

Nepal celebrated is straight second year of zero poaching on 2nd May 2016. Last time a rhino was killed in Nepal was May 2nd 2014.

zero poaching in nepal

Two years of zero rhino poaching in Nepal

According to World Wildlife Fund (WWF) “Nepal’s success is rooted in coordinated national response, which is driven from the center and implemented at a grassroots level .

One the other hand Nepal has not just prevented rhinos from being poached, it has found success in increasing the numbers as well. In 2015 alone the population of rhinos increased by 21 percents.

It takes a whole country to achieve conservation success like zero poaching, and Nepal has just done that one more time.1,338 rhinos were poached in Africa in 2015 

Country representative of WWF Nepal, Anil Manandhar says ” Nepal demonstrated a real conservation leadership and effective anti-poaching path that other country can follow.

Tiger Conservation in Nepal Infographic

Tiger conservation program is a recent undertaking of WWF and other responsible stakeholders in order to prevent depletion and increase the number of Royal Bengal Tigers in the wild.

There are estimated total of 3,200 Bengal tigers left in the world, with 198 tigers in Nepal alone.  With the commitment of doubling their numbers by 2022, WWF in 2010 organized ‘The Year of Tiger.’ The relentless conservation programs and prevention of poaching and human encroachment has helped to increase their number in Nepal, while setting an example for other countries to initiate similar strategy and protection programs in their country.

World Wildlife Fund has published an infographic highlighting the status of tigers in the world, more precisely in Nepal, from 1950 to 2015.

Tiger Conservation Status (1950-2015)

Tiger Conservation Status (1950-2015)

Download Infographic